Screen Printing refers to a modern-day printing technology that uses a high-quality mesh screen to transfer ink to a particular substrate. If you want to transfer the design to fabric, screen printing first comes to our mind. This technique was invented in the Asian countries of China and Japan.
Though you can buy screen printing machines online these days, do you know that you can make one at your home with the help of the right tools? Well, for a homemade screen printer, you need a screen, printer, photo emulsion, squeegee, glass, fabric paint, a 150 watt light bulb, etc. If you learn to assemble and use these tools properly, it will be a piece of cake for you to make a homemade screen-printer.
What is the different equipment needed for a homemade screen printer?
You can divide the screen printing activity into three categories- pre-press, screen printing, and post-press.
First, you will require computer design software that is capable of creating various graphics. You can print the design on transfer paper. Next, you will need a special printer along with a transparent film, mesh screens, emulsion, drying racks, etc. Emulsions are generally used to coat the mesh screens, and when the screen is exposed to UV light, the emulsion materials are hardened. You also should arrange for a water source which can rinse the screen.
Screen printing equipment
Let’s come to the main printing part. A printing press is a must for screen printing, and it can be manual too. Don’t confuse a printing press machine with a convention heat press device. Talking about the press, you will also need good quality ink. You can either choose from water-based ink or chemical ink. Squeegees are also considered an important part of Screen printing. It helps in dispersing the ink all over the screen. The last item in this stage is the substrate. Generally, t-shirts, bags, banners, etc., are considered substrates for screen printing.
This is the final part of screen printing. Here, you need to put the final product in the dryer for a while. For screen printing, a heat gun can also be used.
How to make a screen printer at home?
The first step in this direction would be deciding on the image you want to see on your t-shirt. Next, you will have to focus on making the frame. You can either choose wood or other metal for making a strong frame. After that, you will have to staple a polyester fabric to the frame with the help of a staple gun. Now that your screen is completely ready, you should coat it with photo emulsion. You can arrange for a 150-watt bulb to place on top of the coated screen. Always place a glass on top of the design in this case.
This bright light will harden the emulsions. Now place a t-shirt on a table and mount this screen frame on top of it. Use the link you bought, and with a squeegee, spread it everywhere. The design has been printed on your t-shirt. Now put it in a dryer and hang it for a while.
If you want to start a career in the t-shirt designing business, you should know how to make a screen printer at home. A homemade screen printer can be budget-friendly for you, and it allows you to transfer the same print on multiple clothes. This type of screen printing will provide you a much better result than heat transfer vinyl on t-shirts.